TypeScript Tuples

We know that an array holds multiple values of the same data type. But sometimes, we may need to store a collection of values of different data types in a single variable. Arrays will not provide this feature, but TypeScript has a data type called Tuple to achieve this purpose. A Tuple is an array which store multiple fields belong to different data types. It is similar to the structures in the C programming language.

A tuple is a data type which can be used like any other variables. It represents the heterogeneous collection of values and can also be passed as parameters in a function call.

In abstract mathematics, the term tuple is used to denote a multi-dimensional coordinate system. JavaScript does not have tuple as data type, but tuples are available in TypeScript. The order of elements in a tuple is important.

Syntax

snippet
let tuple_name = [val1,val2,val3, ...val n];

Example

snippet
let arrTuple = [101, "JavaTpoint", 105, "Abhishek"];
console.log(arrTuple);

Output:

Output
[101, 'JavaTpoint', 105, 'Abhishek']

We can also declare and initialize a tuple separately by initially declaring the tuple as an empty tuple in Typescript.

Example

snippet
let arrTuple = []; 
arrTuple[0] = 101
arrTuple[1] = 105

Accessing tuple Elements

We can read or access the fields of a tuple by using the index, which is the same as an array. In Tuple, the index starts from zero.

Example

snippet
let empTuple = ["Rohit Sharma", 25, "JavaTpoint"];
console.log("Name of the Employee is : "+empTuple [0]);
console.log("Age of the Employee is : "+empTuple [1]);
console.log(empTuple [0]+" is working in "+empTuple [2]);

Output:

Output
Name of the Employee is: Rohit Sharma Age of the Employee is: 25 Rohit Sharma is working in JavaTpoint

Operations on Tuple

A tuple has two operations:

  1. Push()
  2. Pop()

Push()

The push operation is used to add an element to the tuple.

Example

snippet
let empTuple = ["Rohit Sharma", 25, "JavaTpoint"];
console.log("Items: "+empTuple);
console.log("Length of Tuple Items before push: "+empTuple.length);   // returns the tuple size
empTuple.push(10001);   // append value to the tuple 
console.log("Length of Tuple Items after push: "+empTuple.length);
console.log("Items: "+empTuple);

Output:

Output
Items: Rohit Sharma, 25, JavaTpoint Length of Tuple Items before push: 3 Length of Tuple Items after push: 4 Items: Rohit Sharma, 25, JavaTpoint, 10001

Pop()

The pop operation is used to remove an element from the tuple.

Example

snippet
let empTuple = ["Rohit Sharma", 25, "JavaTpoint", 10001];
console.log("Items: "+empTuple);
console.log("Length of Tuple Items before pop: "+empTuple.length);   // returns the tuple size
empTuple.pop();   // removed value to the tuple 
console.log("Length of Tuple Items after pop: "+empTuple.length);
console.log("Items: "+empTuple);

Output:

Output
Items: Rohit Sharma,25, JavaTpoint, 10001 Length of Tuple Items before pop: 4 Length of Tuple Items after pop: 3 Items: Rohit Sharma, 25, JavaTpoint

Update or Modify the Tuple Elements

Tuples are mutable, which means we can update or change the values of tuple elements. To modify the fields of a Tuple, we need to use the index of the fields and assignment operator. We can understand it with the following example.

Example

snippet
let empTuple = ["Rohit Sharma", 25, "JavaTpoint"];
empTuple[1] = 30;
console.log("Name of the Employee is: "+empTuple [0]);
console.log("Age of the Employee is: "+empTuple [1]);
console.log(empTuple [0]+" is working in "+empTuple [2]);

Output:

Output
Name of the Employee is: Rohit Sharma Age of the Employee is: 30 Rohit Sharma is working in JavaTpoint

Clear the fields of a Tuple

We cannot delete the tuple variable, but its fields could be cleared. To clear the fields of a tuple, assign it with an empty set of tuple field, which is shown in the following example.

Example

snippet
let empTuple = ["Rohit Sharma", 25, "JavaTpoint"];
empTuple = [];
console.log(empTuple);

Output:

Output
[]

Destructuring the Tuple

Destructuring allows us to break up the structure of an entity. TypeScript used destructuring in the context of a tuple.

Example

snippet
let empTuple = ["Rohit Sharma", 25, "JavaTpoint"];
let [emp, student] = empTuple;
console.log(emp);
console.log(student);

Output:

Output
Rohit Sharma 25

Passing Tuple to Functions

We can pass a tuple to functions, which can be shown in the below example.

Example

snippet
//Tuple Declaration
let empTuple = ["JavaTpoint", 101, "Abhishek"];   
//Passing tuples in function  
function display(tuple_values:any[]) {  
   for(let i = 0;i

Output:

Output
JavaTpoint 101 Abhishek
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