We can use Typescript for both server-side and client-side web applications. It is also used in the development of large-scale web applications. It adds support to the different features present in ECMAScript which is maintained by a TC39 committee of the ECMA group.
Anders Hejlsberg developed TypeScript. The first version of Typescript come for the public in the month of 1 October 2012. After two years of internal development at Microsoft, the new version of TypeScript 0.9 was released in 2013. The current version of TypeScript is TypeScript 3.4.5 which was released on 24 April 2019.
We can understand the main differences between TypeScript and Babel from the below table.
|2.||It is a programming language.||It is a tool (transpiler).|
|3.||TypeScript provides type checking of data types.||Babel does not care about types.|
|4.||TypeScript compiles an entire project at once.||Babel compiles only one file at a time.|
|6.||TypeScript is additional add-ons to JS, which allow for strong typing.||Babel is a transpiler (tool) that takes newer JS syntax features as input and returns older/more reliable syntax as output.|
|7.||It is developed and maintained by Microsoft.||It is closely linked to ECMA Technical Committee 39 (TC39).|
|8.||TypeScript compiles decorators directly.||Babel does not compile decorators directly. It has a legacy mode to compile the decorators with the old version.|