PHP vs Python

What is PHP?

PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor, which is an open source scripting language. It is a server-side scripting language and a powerful tool for creating a dynamic and interactive website.

PHP is an interpreted language, so it doesn't need compilation. It is specially designed for server-side scripting, which executes on the server. PHP can be easily embedded with HTML files.

Note: PHP is mainly used to develop server-side applications.

It has several advantages that are given below:

  • We can execute a PHP code on different platform such as Windows, Linux, UNIX, Solaris, etc.
  • It is easy to use and learn.
  • PHP provides a built-in module which helps it to connect with the database easily.
  • PHP is an open source language that means it is available for free of cost.

In general, PHP is cheap, cross-platform, fast, and reliable to develop web applications.

What is Python?

Python is an interpreted, Object-oriented programming language, which is used for web development, software development, and system scripting, etc. It is a case-sensitive language. Python 3.7.2 is the latest version of Python.

Python is a general-purpose, high-level programming language. Program written in Python language does not need to be compiled in advance in order to run. There are many popular applications which have been developed in Python such as YouTube, Google, DropBox, Instagram, Quora, etc.

Python is not only a web language, because it is also used for developing console app, Mobile app, Desktop app, IOT applications, AI applications as well as for software testing and hacking, etc.

There are several advantages of Python that are given below.

  • Python is a dynamically typed language.
  • It has a very simple and straight forward syntax as its code is easy to write and debug.
  • Indentation is used in place of curly braces in Python.
  • It uses variables without the declaration.
  • We can solve the complex problem in very less time and with the minimal line of code using Python.
  • We can create Python applications for different platforms like Windows, Linux, UNIX, and Mac OS.

Difference between PHP and Python

Python and PHP both are free and open-source languages. The main difference between Python and PHP is that Python is a general-purpose programming language, whereas PHP is mainly used for web development.

PHP Python
PHP is a specialized web development programming language. Python is a general-purpose programming language.
PHP does not support multiple inheritance. Python support multiple inheritance.
PHP does not provide functional programming. Python provides functional programming techniques.
Facebook, Yahoo, Flicker, Wordpress are famous applications which are using PHP. Instagram, YouTube, Google, Pinterest are some popular applications that are using Python.
PHP has a large number of frameworks. Python has less number of frameworks.
PHP is used for web development purpose. Python is widely used in Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and big data analysis, etc.
There are more than 20 different databases to access. It does not support database connectivity as widely as PHP.
PHP offers fewer security features. Python is more secure than PHP.
Laravel, Code Igniter, and Symfony are the best frameworks for PHP. Django, Flask, and are the famous framework for Python.
PHP doesn?t perform multiprocessing. Python performs multiprocessing.
PHP depends for production on web servers like Apache or Nginx. Python depends on libraries like Gunicorn, Tornado, Gevent, etc.
It is more popular than Python, but it is losing traction. Python is gaining popularity because of its simplicity and ease of use.
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