PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor, which is an open source scripting language. It is a server-side scripting language and a powerful tool for creating a dynamic and interactive website.
PHP is an interpreted language, so it doesn't need compilation. It is specially designed for server-side scripting, which executes on the server. PHP can be easily embedded with HTML files.
It has several advantages that are given below:
In general, PHP is cheap, cross-platform, fast, and reliable to develop web applications.
Node.js is an open-source language which executes in different environments such as Windows, Linux, UNIX, and Mac OS, etc.
Node.js has many advantages which are listed below.
PHP and Node.js both are server-side scripting languages; thus, they have become the competitor for each other. They are bound to have some similarities and also some differences. Following are some differences based on their functionality and features.
|Runtime Environment||PHP is straightforward to install and use at server-side.||PHP is straightforward to install and use at server-side.|
|Execution||PHP is synchronous except some APIs.||It is totally asynchronous.|
|Framework||PHP has many frameworks for easy backend development, such as Laravel, CakePHP, etc.||Node.js also has popular frameworks like Express, Meteor, and DerbyJS, etc.|
|Execution Speed||PHP execution speed is slower than Node.js.||Node.js is faster than PHP and lightweight too.|
|Web Server||PHP needs Apache web server to execute the code.||Node.js doesn't need any web server to execute. It runs in its own environment.|
|Used by||Facebook, Wikipedia, Yahoo, Flickr, and Wordpress, etc., are using PHP.||IBM, GoDaddy, NetFlix, LinkedIn, Paypal, and Walmart are the adopters of Ndoe.js.|
|Complexity||PHP is simpler to use than Node.js.||Node.js is not too complex, but need more lines of code and callback functions.|
|Basic syntax||echo 'Hello PHP';||Console.log('Hello Node.js');|
|Module||A developer needs to download and install PHP manually. It doesn't come in bundled with module.||It comes prepackaged with the NPM package management system and its registry.|
|Performance||PHP is fast, but slower than Node.js due to the database, third-party request, and file system.||Node.js is faster due to its non-blocking mechanism.|