PHP While Loop

PHP while loop can be used to traverse set of code like for loop. The while loop executes a block of code repeatedly until the condition is FALSE. Once the condition gets FALSE, it exits from the body of loop.

It should be used if the number of iterations is not known.

The while loop is also called an Entry control loop because the condition is checked before entering the loop body. This means that first the condition is checked. If the condition is true, the block of code will be executed.

Syntax

snippet
while(condition){
//code to be executed
}

Alternative Syntax

snippet
while(condition):
//code to be executed

endwhile;

PHP While Loop Flowchart

flowchart of php while loop

PHP While Loop Example

snippet
<?php  
$n=1;  
while($n<=10){  
echo "$n<br/>";  
$n++;  
}  
?>

Output:

Output
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Alternative Example

snippet
<?php  
$n=1;  
while($n<=10):  
echo "$n<br/>";  
$n++;  
endwhile;  
?>

Output:

Output
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Example

Below is the example of printing alphabets using while loop.

snippet
<?php
	$i = 'A';
	while ($i < 'H') {
		echo $i;
		$i++;
		echo "</br>";
	}
?>

Output:

Output
A B C D E F G

PHP Nested While Loop

We can use while loop inside another while loop in PHP, it is known as nested while loop.

In case of inner or nested while loop, nested while loop is executed fully for one outer while loop. If outer while loop is to be executed for 3 times and nested while loop for 3 times, nested while loop will be executed 9 times (3 times for 1st outer loop, 3 times for 2nd outer loop and 3 times for 3rd outer loop).

Example

snippet
<?php  
$i=1;  
while($i<=3){  
$j=1;  
while($j<=3){  
echo "$i   $j<br/>";  
$j++;  
}  
$i++;  
}  
?>

Output:

Output
1 1 1 2 1 3 2 1 2 2 2 3 3 1 3 2 3 3

PHP Infinite While Loop

If we pass TRUE in while loop, it will be an infinite loop.

Syntax

snippet
while(true) {  
//code to be executed  
}

Example

snippet
<?php
	while (true) {
		echo "Hello Javatpoint!";
		echo "</br>";
	}
?>

Output:

Output
Hello Javatpoint! Hello Javatpoint! Hello Javatpoint! Hello Javatpoint! . . . . . Hello Javatpoint! Hello Javatpoint!
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