PHP For Loop

PHP for loop can be used to traverse set of code for the specified number of times.

It should be used if the number of iterations is known otherwise use while loop. This means for loop is used when you already know how many times you want to execute a block of code.

It allows users to put all the loop related statements in one place. See in the syntax given below:

Syntax

snippet
for(initialization; condition; increment/decrement){
//code to be executed
}

Parameters

The php for loop is similar to the java/C/C++ for loop. The parameters of for loop have the following meanings:

initialization - Initialize the loop counter value. The initial value of the for loop is done only once. This parameter is optional.

condition - Evaluate each iteration value. The loop continuously executes until the condition is false. If TRUE, the loop execution continues, otherwise the execution of the loop ends.

Increment/decrement - It increments or decrements the value of the variable.

Flowchart

php for loop flowchart

Example

snippet
<?php  
for($n=1;$n<=10;$n++){  
echo "$n<br/>";  
}  
?>

Output:

Output
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Example

All three parameters are optional, but semicolon (;) is must to pass in for loop. If we don't pass parameters, it will execute infinite.

snippet
<?php
	$i = 1;
	//infinite loop
	for (;;) {
		echo $i++;
		echo "</br>";
	}
?>

Output:

Output
1 2 3 4 . . .

Example

Below is the example of printing numbers from 1 to 9 in four different ways using for loop.

snippet
<?php
	/* example 1 */

	for ($i = 1; $i <= 9; $i++) {
	echo $i;
	}
	echo "</br>";
	
	/* example 2 */

	for ($i = 1; ; $i++) {
		if ($i > 9) {
			break;
		}
		echo $i;
	}
	echo "</br>";
	
	/* example 3 */

	$i = 1;
	for (; ; ) {
		if ($i > 9) {
			break;
		}
		echo $i;
		$i++;
	}
	echo "</br>";
	
	/* example 4 */

	for ($i = 1, $j = 0; $i <= 9; $j += $i, print $i, $i++);
?>

Output:

Output
123456789 123456789 123456789 123456789

PHP Nested For Loop

We can use for loop inside for loop in PHP, it is known as nested for loop. The inner for loop executes only when the outer for loop condition is found true.

In case of inner or nested for loop, nested for loop is executed fully for one outer for loop. If outer for loop is to be executed for 3 times and inner for loop for 3 times, inner for loop will be executed 9 times (3 times for 1st outer loop, 3 times for 2nd outer loop and 3 times for 3rd outer loop).

Example

snippet
<?php  
for($i=1;$i<=3;$i++){  
for($j=1;$j<=3;$j++){  
echo "$i   $j<br/>";  
}  
}  
?>

Output:

Output
1 1 1 2 1 3 2 1 2 2 2 3 3 1 3 2 3 3

PHP For Each Loop

PHP for each loop is used to traverse array elements.

Syntax

snippet
foreach( $array as $var ){
 //code to be executed
}
?>

Example

snippet
<?php
$season=array("summer","winter","spring","autumn");
foreach( $season as $arr ){
  echo "Season is: $arr<br />";
}
?>

Output:

Output
Season is: summer Season is: winter Season is: spring Season is: autumn

For more details of foreach loop, click here.

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