XML CSS

Purpose of CSS in XML

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) can be used to add style and display information to an XML document. It can format the whole XML document.

How to link XML file with CSS

To link XML files with CSS, you should use the following syntax:

snippet
<?xml-stylesheet type="text/css" href="cssemployee.css"?>

XML CSS Example

Let's see the css file.

cssemployee.css

snippet
employee
{
background-color: pink;
}
firstname,lastname,email
{
font-size:25px;
display:block;
color: blue;
margin-left: 50px;
}

Let's create the DTD file.

employee.dtd

snippet
<!ELEMENT employee (firstname,lastname,email)>
<!ELEMENT firstname (#PCDATA)>
<!ELEMENT lastname (#PCDATA)>
<!ELEMENT email (#PCDATA)>

Let's see the xml file using CSS and DTD.

employee.xml

snippet
<?xml version="1.0"?>
<?xml-stylesheet type="text/css" href="cssemployee.css"?>
<!DOCTYPE employee SYSTEM "employee.dtd">
<employee>
  <firstname>vimal</firstname>
  <lastname>jaiswal</lastname>
  <email>vimal@javatpoint.com</email>
</employee>
Note
CSS is not generally used to format XML file. W3C recommends XSLT instead of CSS.
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