C fprintf() and fscanf()

Writing File : fprintf() function

The fprintf() function is used to write set of characters into file. It sends formatted output to a stream.

Syntax:

snippet
int fprintf(FILE *stream, const char *format [, argument, ...])

Example:

snippet
#include 
main(){
   FILE *fp;
   fp = fopen("file.txt", "w");//opening file
   fprintf(fp, "Hello file by fprintf...\n");//writing data into file
   fclose(fp);//closing file
}

Reading File : fscanf() function

The fscanf() function is used to read set of characters from file. It reads a word from the file and returns EOF at the end of file.

Syntax:

snippet
int fscanf(FILE *stream, const char *format [, argument, ...])

Example:

snippet
#include 
main(){
   FILE *fp;
   char buff[255];//creating char array to store data of file
   fp = fopen("file.txt", "r");
   while(fscanf(fp, "%s", buff)!=EOF){
   printf("%s ", buff );
   }
   fclose(fp);
}

Output:

Output
Hello file by fprintf...

C File Example: Storing employee information

Let's see a file handling example to store employee information as entered by user from console. We are going to store id, name and salary of the employee.

snippet
#include 
void main()
{
    FILE *fptr;
    int id;
    char name[30];
    float salary;
    fptr = fopen("emp.txt", "w+");/*  open for writing */
    if (fptr == NULL)
    {
        printf("File does not exists \n");
        return;
    }
    printf("Enter the id\n");
    scanf("%d", &id);
    fprintf(fptr, "Id= %d\n", id);
    printf("Enter the name \n");
    scanf("%s", name);
    fprintf(fptr, "Name= %s\n", name);
    printf("Enter the salary\n");
    scanf("%f", &salary);
    fprintf(fptr, "Salary= %.2f\n", salary);
    fclose(fptr);
}

Output:

Output
Enter the id 1 Enter the name sonoo Enter the salary 120000

Now open file from current directory. For windows operating system, go to TC\bin directory, you will see emp.txt file. It will have following information.

emp.txt

Output
Id= 1 Name= sonoo Salary= 120000
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