Toasts

Toasts are lightweight and customizable push notification alert messages.

Push notifications have been popularized by mobile and desktop operating systems. They're built with flexbox and they're easy to align and position.

Points to Remember

Things to know when using the toast plugin:

  • For performance reasons, you must initialize toasts yourself.
  • Toasts will hide automatically. To override this behavior specify autohide: false.
How to use

Create a container element with class .toast. Add a header and body element with class .toast-header and .toast-body. Add a dismiss button as needed.

<div class="toast" role="alert" aria-live="assertive" aria-atomic="true">
  <div class="toast-header">
    <img src="..." class="rounded mr-2" alt="...">
    <strong class="mr-auto">Bootstrap</strong>
    <small>11 mins ago</small>
    <button type="button" class="ml-2 mb-1 close" data-dismiss="toast" aria-label="Close">
      <span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span>
    </button>
  </div>
  <div class="toast-body">
    Hello, world! This is a toast message.
  </div>
</div>

Translucent

Toasts looks slightly translucent, so they blend with the backgound. It uses backdrop-filter CSS property so the elements under a toast will appear blur and it will work only in the browser that support backdrop-filter.

<div class="toast" role="alert" aria-live="assertive" aria-atomic="true">
  <div class="toast-header">
    <img src="..." class="rounded mr-2" alt="...">
    <strong class="mr-auto">Bootstrap</strong>
    <small class="text-muted">11 mins ago</small>
    <button type="button" class="ml-2 mb-1 close" data-dismiss="toast" aria-label="Close">
      <span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span>
    </button>
  </div>
  <div class="toast-body">
    Hello, world! This is a toast message.
  </div>
</div>

Stacking

By default toast will stack vertically when there are multiple toasts.

<div class="toast" role="alert" aria-live="assertive" aria-atomic="true">
  <div class="toast-header">
    <img src="..." class="rounded mr-2" alt="...">
    <strong class="mr-auto">Bootstrap</strong>
    <small class="text-muted">just now</small>
    <button type="button" class="ml-2 mb-1 close" data-dismiss="toast" aria-label="Close">
      <span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span>
    </button>
  </div>
  <div class="toast-body">
    See? Just like this.
  </div>
</div>

<div class="toast" role="alert" aria-live="assertive" aria-atomic="true">
  <div class="toast-header">
    <img src="..." class="rounded mr-2" alt="...">
    <strong class="mr-auto">Bootstrap</strong>
    <small class="text-muted">2 seconds ago</small>
    <button type="button" class="ml-2 mb-1 close" data-dismiss="toast" aria-label="Close">
      <span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span>
    </button>
  </div>
  <div class="toast-body">
    Heads up, toasts will stack automatically
  </div>
</div>

Placement

You can you custom CSS(position) to place toasts as you needed. Add the custom position styles on the .toast element.

<div aria-live="polite" aria-atomic="true" style="position: relative; min-height: 200px;">
  <div class="toast" style="position: absolute; top: 0; right: 0;">
    <div class="toast-header">
      <img src="..." class="rounded mr-2" alt="...">
      <strong class="mr-auto">Bootstrap</strong>
      <small>11 mins ago</small>
      <button type="button" class="ml-2 mb-1 close" data-dismiss="toast" aria-label="Close">
        <span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span>
      </button>
    </div>
    <div class="toast-body">
      Hello, world! This is a toast message.
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

When you show multiple notifications, use a wrapping element so they can easily stack.

<div aria-live="polite" aria-atomic="true" style="position: relative; min-height: 200px;">
  <!-- Position it -->
  <div style="position: absolute; top: 0; right: 0;">

    <!-- Then put toasts within -->
    <div class="toast" role="alert" aria-live="assertive" aria-atomic="true">
      <div class="toast-header">
        <img src="..." class="rounded mr-2" alt="...">
        <strong class="mr-auto">Bootstrap</strong>
        <small class="text-muted">just now</small>
        <button type="button" class="ml-2 mb-1 close" data-dismiss="toast" aria-label="Close">
          <span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span>
        </button>
      </div>
      <div class="toast-body">
        See? Just like this.
      </div>
    </div>

    <div class="toast" role="alert" aria-live="assertive" aria-atomic="true">
      <div class="toast-header">
        <img src="..." class="rounded mr-2" alt="...">
        <strong class="mr-auto">Bootstrap</strong>
        <small class="text-muted">2 seconds ago</small>
        <button type="button" class="ml-2 mb-1 close" data-dismiss="toast" aria-label="Close">
          <span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span>
        </button>
      </div>
      <div class="toast-body">
        Heads up, toasts will stack automatically
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

You can also use flexbox utilities to align toasts horizontally/ vertically.

<!-- Flexbox container for aligning the toasts -->
<div aria-live="polite" aria-atomic="true" class="d-flex justify-content-center align-items-center" style="min-height: 200px;">

  <!-- Then put toasts within -->
  <div class="toast" role="alert" aria-live="assertive" aria-atomic="true">
    <div class="toast-header">
      <img src="..." class="rounded mr-2" alt="...">
      <strong class="mr-auto">Bootstrap</strong>
      <small>11 mins ago</small>
      <button type="button" class="ml-2 mb-1 close" data-dismiss="toast" aria-label="Close">
        <span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span>
      </button>
    </div>
    <div class="toast-body">
      Hello, world! This is a toast message.
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

Accessibility

To support assistive technologies such screen readers, you should wrap your toasts in an aria-liveregion. Screen readers will automatically announce changes to live regions (such as injecting/updating a toast component) even when it is not focused. Additionally, include aria-atomic="true" to ensure that the entire toast is always announced as a single unit, rather than announcing what was changed (which could lead to problems if you only update part of the toast's content, or if displaying the same toast content at a later point in time).

Note:

The live region must be present in the markup before the toast is generated or updated. When you dynamically generate both at the same time and inject them into the page, they will not be announced by assistive technologies.

You also need to use the role and aria-live level depending on the content. For important message like an error, use role="alert" aria-live="assertive", otherwise use role="status" aria-live="polite" attributes.

Be sure to update the delay timeout as the content displaying changes and allow users have enough time to read the toast.

<div class="toast" role="alert" aria-live="polite" aria-atomic="true" data-delay="10000">
  <div role="alert" aria-live="assertive" aria-atomic="true">...</div>
</div>

When using autohide: false, you must add a close button to allow users to dismiss the toast.

<div role="alert" aria-live="assertive" aria-atomic="true" class="toast" data-autohide="false">
  <div class="toast-header">
    <img src="..." class="rounded mr-2" alt="...">
    <strong class="mr-auto">Bootstrap</strong>
    <small>11 mins ago</small>
    <button type="button" class="ml-2 mb-1 close" data-dismiss="toast" aria-label="Close">
      <span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span>
    </button>
  </div>
  <div class="toast-body">
    Hello, world! This is a toast message.
  </div>
</div>

JavaScript behavior

Usage

Initialize toasts via JavaScript:

Copy

$('.toast').toast(option)

Options

Options can be passed via data attributes or JavaScript. For data attributes, append the option name to data-, as in data-animation="".

Name Type Default Description
animation boolean true Apply a CSS fade transition to the toast
autohide boolean true Auto hide the toast
delay number 500 Delay hiding the toast (ms)

Methods

Asynchronous methods and transitions

All API methods are asynchronous and start a transition. They return to the caller as soon as the transition is started but before it ends. In addition, a method call on a transitioning component will be ignored.

See our JavaScript documentation for more information.

$().toast(options)

Attaches a toast handler to an element collection.

.toast('show')

Reveals an element's toast. Returns to the caller before the toast has actually been shown(i.e. before the shown.bs.toast event occurs). You have to manually call this method, instead your toast won't show.

Copy

$('#element').toast('show')

.toast('hide')

Hides an element's toast. Returns to the caller before the toast has actually been hidden(i.e. before the hidden.bs.toast event occurs). You have to manually call this method if you made autohide to false.

Copy

$('#element').toast('hide')

.toast('dispose')

Hides an element's toast. Your toast will remain on the DOM but won't show anymore.

Copy

$('#element').toast('dispose')

Events

Event Type Description
show.bs.toast This event fires immediately when the show instance method is called.
shown.bs.toast This event is fired when the toast has been made visible to the user.
hide.bs.toast This event is fired immediately when the hide instance method has been called.
hidden.bs.toast This event is fired when the toast has finished being hidden from the user.

Copy

$('#myToast').on('hidden.bs.toast', function () {
  // do something…
})
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