Typography

Explore bootstrap typography, including global settings, headings, body text, lists, and more.

Global settings

Bootstrap sets basic global display, typography, and link styles. Use textual utility classes when you need more control.

  • Use anative font stackthat selects the bestfont-familyfor each OS and device.
  • For a more inclusive and accessible type scale, we assume the browser default rootfont-size(typically 16px) so visitors can customize their browser defaults as needed.
  • Use the$font-family-base,$font-size-base, and$line-height-baseattributes as our typographic base applied to the<body>.
  • Set the global link color via$link-colorand apply link underlines only on:hover.
  • Use$body-bgto set abackground-coloron the<body>(#fffby default).

These styles can be found within_reboot.scss, and the global variables are defined in_variables.scss. Make sure to set$font-size-baseinrem.

Headings

All HTML headings,<h1>through<h6>, are available.

Heading Example

<h1></h1>

h1. Bootstrap heading

<h2></h2>

h2. Bootstrap heading

<h3></h3>

h3. Bootstrap heading

<h4></h4>

h4. Bootstrap heading

<h5></h5>

h5. Bootstrap heading

<h6></h6>

h6. Bootstrap heading
<h1>h1. Bootstrap heading</h1>
<h2>h2. Bootstrap heading</h2>
<h3>h3. Bootstrap heading</h3>
<h4>h4. Bootstrap heading</h4>
<h5>h5. Bootstrap heading</h5>
<h6>h6. Bootstrap heading</h6>

.h1through.h6classes are also available. You can use it when you want to match the font styling of a heading.

<p class="h1">h1. Bootstrap heading</p>
<p class="h2">h2. Bootstrap heading</p>
<p class="h3">h3. Bootstrap heading</p>
<p class="h4">h4. Bootstrap heading</p>
<p class="h5">h5. Bootstrap heading</p>
<p class="h6">h6. Bootstrap heading</p>
Customizing headings

Use the utility classes to create small secondary heading text.

<h3>
  Fancy display heading
  <small class="text-muted">With faded secondary text</small>
</h3>
Display headings

Alternatively to heading elements use display heading classes (.display-1, .display-2, .display-3, .display-4) which creates a larger, slightly more opinionated heading style.

<h1 class="display-1">Display 1</h1>
<h1 class="display-2">Display 2</h1>
<h1 class="display-3">Display 3</h1>
<h1 class="display-4">Display 4</h1>
Lead

Adding .lead to a paragraph will stand out.

<p class="lead">
  Vivamus sagittis lacus vel augue laoreet rutrum faucibus dolor auctor. Duis mollis, est non commodo luctus.
</p>
Inline text elements

Styling for common inline HTML5 elements.

<p>You can use the mark tag to <mark>highlight</mark> text.</p>
<p><del>This line of text is meant to be treated as deleted text.</del></p>
<p><s>This line of text is meant to be treated as no longer accurate.</s></p>
<p><ins>This line of text is meant to be treated as an addition to the document.</ins></p>
<p><u>This line of text will render as underlined</u></p>
<p><small>This line of text is meant to be treated as fine print.</small></p>
<p><strong>This line rendered as bold text.</strong></p>
<p><em>This line rendered as italicized text.</em></p>
<p><b>This is a bold text text.</b></p>
<p><i>This is a italicized text.</i></p>

You can use .markand.smallclasses to apply the same styles as<mark>and<small>.

Text utilities

Change text alignment, transform, style, weight, and color with text utilities and color utilities.

Abbreviations

Use <abbr>element for abbreviations and acronyms to show the expanded version on hover. Abbreviations have a default underline and shows a help cursor on hover to provide additional context and to users of assistive technologies.

Add.initialismto an abbreviation for a slightly smaller font-size.

<p><abbr title="attribute">attr</abbr></p>
<p><abbr title="HyperText Markup Language" class="initialism">HTML</abbr></p>
Blockquotes

Wrap<blockquote class="blockquote">around any HTML as the quote for quoting blocks of content.

<blockquote class="blockquote">
  <p class="mb-0">Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Integer posuere erat a ante.</p>
</blockquote>
Naming a source

Add a<footer class="blockquote-footer">for identifying the source. Wrap the name of the source work in<cite>.

<blockquote class="blockquote">
  <p class="mb-0">Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Integer posuere erat a ante.</p>
  <footer class="blockquote-footer">Someone famous in <cite title="Source Title">Source Title</cite></footer>
</blockquote>
Alignment

Use text utilities to change the alignment of your blockquote as needed.

<blockquote class="blockquote text-center">
  <p class="mb-0">Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Integer posuere erat a ante.</p>
  <footer class="blockquote-footer">Someone famous in <cite title="Source Title">Source Title</cite></footer>
</blockquote>
<blockquote class="blockquote text-right">
  <p class="mb-0">Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Integer posuere erat a ante.</p>
  <footer class="blockquote-footer">Someone famous in <cite title="Source Title">Source Title</cite></footer>
</blockquote>
Lists
Unstyled

Use .list-unstyled to remove the defaultlist-style and left margin on list items.This only applies to immediate children list items. If needed for any nested lists you will need to add the class.

<ul class="list-unstyled">
  <li>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet</li>
  <li>Consectetur adipiscing elit</li>
  <li>Integer molestie lorem at massa</li>
  <li>Facilisis in pretium nisl aliquet</li>
  <li>Nulla volutpat aliquam velit
    <ul>
      <li>Phasellus iaculis neque</li>
      <li>Purus sodales ultricies</li>
      <li>Vestibulum laoreet porttitor sem</li>
      <li>Ac tristique libero volutpat at</li>
    </ul>
  </li>
  <li>Faucibus porta lacus fringilla vel</li>
  <li>Aenean sit amet erat nunc</li>
  <li>Eget porttitor lorem</li>
</ul>
Inline

Remove a list's bullets and apply some lightmarginwith a combination of two classes, .list-inline and .list-inline-item.

<ul class="list-inline">
  <li class="list-inline-item">Lorem ipsum</li>
  <li class="list-inline-item">Phasellus iaculis</li>
  <li class="list-inline-item">Nulla volutpat</li>
</ul>
Description list alignment

Align terms and descriptions horizontally by using grid system's predefined classes (or semantic mixins). Optionally add a.text-truncateclass to truncate the text with an ellipsis.

<dl class="row">
  <dt class="col-sm-3">Description lists</dt>
  <dd class="col-sm-9">A description list is perfect for defining terms.</dd>

  <dt class="col-sm-3">Euismod</dt>
  <dd class="col-sm-9">
    <p>Vestibulum id ligula porta felis euismod semper eget lacinia odio sem nec elit.</p>
    <p>Donec id elit non mi porta gravida at eget metus.</p>
  </dd>

  <dt class="col-sm-3">Malesuada porta</dt>
  <dd class="col-sm-9">Etiam porta sem malesuada magna mollis euismod.</dd>

  <dt class="col-sm-3 text-truncate">Truncated term is truncated</dt>
  <dd class="col-sm-9">Fusce dapibus, tellus ac cursus commodo, tortor mauris condimentum nibh, ut fermentum massa justo sit amet risus.</dd>

  <dt class="col-sm-3">Nesting</dt>
  <dd class="col-sm-9">
    <dl class="row">
      <dt class="col-sm-4">Nested definition list</dt>
      <dd class="col-sm-8">Aenean posuere, tortor sed cursus feugiat, nunc augue blandit nunc.</dd>
    </dl>
  </dd>
</dl>
Responsive typography

Responsive typography refers to scaling text and components by simply adjusting the root element'sfont-size within a series of media queries.

You have to manually add if you need it.

Below is an example. Choose whateverfont-sizes and media queries you wish.

html {
  font-size: 1rem;
}

@include media-breakpoint-up(sm) {
  html {
    font-size: 1.2rem;
  }
}

@include media-breakpoint-up(md) {
  html {
    font-size: 1.4rem;
  }
}

@include media-breakpoint-up(lg) {
  html {
    font-size: 1.6rem;
  }
}
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