Although ES5 and ES6 have some similarities in their nature, there are also so many differences between them.
Let us see some of the differences between ES5 and ES6. The comparison between ES5 and ES6 are tabulated as follows:
|Definition||ES5 is the fifth edition of the ECMAScript (a trademarked scripting language specification defined by ECMA International)||ES6 is the sixth edition of the ECMAScript (a trademarked scripting language specification defined by ECMA International).|
|Release||It was introduced in 2009.||It was introduced in 2015.|
|Defining Variables||In ES5, we could only define the variables by using the var keyword.||In ES6, there are two new ways to define variables that are let and const.|
|Performance||As ES5 is prior to ES6, there is a non-presence of some features, so it has a lower performance than ES6.||Because of new features and the shorthand storage implementation ES6 has a higher performance than ES5.|
|Support||A wide range of communities supports it.||It also has a lot of community support, but it is lesser than ES5.|
|Object Manipulation||ES5 is time-consuming than ES6.||Due to destructuring and speed operators, object manipulation can be processed more smoothly in ES6.|
|Arrow Functions||In ES5, both function and return keywords are used to define a function.||An arrow function is a new feature introduced in ES6 by which we don't require the function keyword to define the function.|
|Loops||In ES5, there is a use of for loop to iterate over elements.||ES6 introduced the concept of for?of loop to perform an iteration over the values of the iterable objects.|
As of now, there are no browsers that fully support the ES6 features; however, we can convert the ES6 code to the ES5 code by using the transpilation.
There are two major compilers Babel and Traceur, which are used to convert the ES6 code to ES5 code as part of the build process.
It is introduced in ES6, which makes it easy to merge arrays and objects.
It is a new feature introduced in ES6 that allows us to work with strings. Template literals allow us to perform string interpolation easily.