Creating the table

In this section of the tutorial, we will create the new table Employee. We have to mention the database name while establishing the connection object.

We can create the new table by using the CREATE TABLE statement of SQL. In our database PythonDB, the table Employee will have the four columns, i.e., name, id, salary, and department_id initially.

The following query is used to create the new table Employee.

snippet
>  create table Employee (name varchar(20) not null, id int primary key, salary float not null, Dept_Id int not null)

Example

snippet
import mysql.connector

#Create the connection object 
myconn = mysql.connector.connect(host = "localhost", user = "root",passwd = "google",database = "PythonDB")

#creating the cursor object
cur = myconn.cursor()

try:
    #Creating a table with name Employee having four columns i.e., name, id, salary, and department id
    dbs = cur.execute("create table Employee(name varchar(20) not null, id int(20) not null primary key, salary float not null, Dept_id int not null)")
except:
    myconn.rollback()

myconn.close()
Creating table

Now, we may check that the table Employee is present in the database.

Alter Table

Sometimes, we may forget to create some columns, or we may need to update the table schema. The alter statement used to alter the table schema if required. Here, we will add the column branch_name to the table Employee. The following SQL query is used for this purpose.

snippet
alter table Employee add branch_name varchar(20) not null

Consider the following example.

Example

snippet
import mysql.connector

#Create the connection object 
myconn = mysql.connector.connect(host = "localhost", user = "root",passwd = "google",database = "PythonDB")

#creating the cursor object
cur = myconn.cursor()

try:
    #adding a column branch name to the table Employee
    cur.execute("alter table Employee add branch_name varchar(20) not null")
except:
    myconn.rollback()

myconn.close()
Creating the table
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