MySQL ORDER BY Clause

The MYSQL ORDER BY Clause is used to sort the records in ascending or descending order.

Syntax:

snippet
SELECT expressions
FROM tables
[WHERE conditions]
ORDER BY expression [ ASC | DESC ];

Parameters

expressions: It specifies the columns that you want to retrieve.

tables: It specifies the tables, from where you want to retrieve records. There must be at least one table listed in the FROM clause.

WHERE conditions: It is optional. It specifies conditions that must be fulfilled for the records to be selected.

ASC: It is optional. It sorts the result set in ascending order by expression (default, if no modifier is provider).

DESC: It is also optional. It sorts the result set in descending order by expression.

Note
Note: You can use MySQL ORDER BY clause in a SELECT statement, SELECT LIMIT statement, and DELETE LIMIT statement.

MySQL ORDER BY: without using ASC/DESC attribute

If you use MySQL ORDER BY clause without specifying the ASC and DESC modifier then by default you will get the result in ascending order.

Execute the following query:

snippet
SELECT *
FROM officers
WHERE address = 'Lucknow'
ORDER BY officer_name;

Output:

MySQL order by clause 1

MySQL ORDER BY: with ASC attribute

Let's take an example to retrieve the data in ascending order.

Execute the following query:

snippet
SELECT *
FROM officers
WHERE address = 'Lucknow'
ORDER BY officer_name ASC;

Output:

MySQL order by clause 2

MySQL ORDER BY: with DESC attribute

snippet
SELECT *
FROM officers
WHERE address = 'Lucknow'
ORDER BY officer_name DESC;
MySQL order by clause 3

MySQL ORDER BY: using both ASC and DESC attributes

Execute the following query:

snippet
SELECT officer_name, address
FROM officers
WHERE officer_id < 5
ORDER BY officer_name DESC, address ASC;

Output:

MySQL order by clause 4
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