Java String class methods

The java.lang.String class provides a lot of methods to work on string. By the help of these methods, we can perform operations on string such as trimming, concatenating, converting, comparing, replacing strings etc.

Java String is a powerful concept because everything is treated as a string if you submit any form in window based, web based or mobile application.

Let's see the important methods of String class.

Java String toUpperCase() and toLowerCase() method

The java string toUpperCase() method converts this string into uppercase letter and string toLowerCase() method into lowercase letter.

snippet
String s="Sachin";
   System.out.println(s.toUpperCase());//SACHIN
   System.out.println(s.toLowerCase());//sachin
   System.out.println(s);//Sachin(no change in original)
Output
SACHIN sachin Sachin

Java String trim() method

The string trim() method eliminates white spaces before and after string.

snippet
String s="  Sachin  ";
   System.out.println(s);//  Sachin  
   System.out.println(s.trim());//Sachin
Output
Sachin Sachin

Java String startsWith() and endsWith() method

snippet
String s="Sachin";
   System.out.println(s.startsWith("Sa"));//true
   System.out.println(s.endsWith("n"));//true
Output
true true

Java String charAt() method

The string charAt() method returns a character at specified index.

snippet
String s="Sachin";
   System.out.println(s.charAt(0));//S
   System.out.println(s.charAt(3));//h
Output
S h

Java String length() method

The string length() method returns length of the string.

snippet
String s="Sachin";
   System.out.println(s.length());//6
Output
6

Java String intern() method

A pool of strings, initially empty, is maintained privately by the class String.

When the intern method is invoked, if the pool already contains a string equal to this String object as determined by the equals(Object) method, then the string from the pool is returned. Otherwise, this String object is added to the pool and a reference to this String object is returned.

snippet
String s=new String("Sachin");
   String s2=s.intern();
   System.out.println(s2);//Sachin
Output
Sachin

Java String valueOf() method

The string valueOf() method coverts given type such as int, long, float, double, boolean, char and char array into string.

snippet
int a=10;
  String s=String.valueOf(a);
  System.out.println(s+10);

Output:

Output
1010

Java String replace() method

The string replace() method replaces all occurrence of first sequence of character with second sequence of character.

snippet
String s1="Java is a programming language. Java is a platform. Java is an Island.";  
String replaceString=s1.replace("Java","Kava");//replaces all occurrences of "Java" to "Kava"  
System.out.println(replaceString);

Output:

Output
Kava is a programming language. Kava is a platform. Kava is an Island.
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