C# Reflection

In C#, reflection is a process to get metadata of a type at runtime. The System.Reflection namespace contains required classes for reflection such as:

  • Type
  • MemberInfo
  • ConstructorInfo
  • MethodInfo
  • FieldInfo
  • PropertyInfo
  • TypeInfo
  • EventInfo
  • Module
  • Assembly
  • AssemblyName
  • Pointer etc.

The System.Reflection.Emit namespace contains classes to emit metadata.

C# Type class

C# Type class represents type declarations for class types, interface types, enumeration types, array types, value types etc. It is found in System namespace. It inherits System.Reflection.MemberInfo class.

C# Type Properties

A list of important properties of Type class are given below:

PropertyDescription
AssemblyGets the Assembly for this type.
AssemblyQualifiedNameGets the Assembly qualified name for this type.
AttributesGets the Attributes associated with the type.
BaseTypeGets the base or parent type.
FullNameGets the fully qualified name of the type.
IsAbstractis used to check if the type is Abstract.
IsArrayis used to check if the type is Array.
IsClassis used to check if the type is Class.
IsEnumis used to check if the type is Enum.
IsInterfaceis used to check if the type is Interface.
IsNestedis used to check if the type is Nested.
IsPrimitiveis used to check if the type is Primitive.
IsPointeris used to check if the type is Pointer.
IsNotPublicis used to check if the type is not Public.
IsPublicis used to check if the type is Public.
IsSealedis used to check if the type is Sealed.
IsSerializableis used to check if the type is Serializable.
MemberTypeis used to check if the type is Member type of Nested type.
ModuleGets the module of the type.
NameGets the name of the type.
NamespaceGets the namespace of the type.

C# Type Methods

A list of important methods of Type class are given below:

MethodDescription
GetConstructors()Returns all the public constructors for the Type.
GetConstructors(BindingFlags)Returns all the constructors for the Type with specified BindingFlags.
GetFields()Returns all the public fields for the Type.
GetFields(BindingFlags)Returns all the public constructors for the Type with specified BindingFlags.
GetMembers()Returns all the public members for the Type.
GetMembers(BindingFlags)Returns all the members for the Type with specified BindingFlags.
GetMethods()Returns all the public methods for the Type.
GetMethods(BindingFlags)Returns all the methods for the Type with specified BindingFlags.
GetProperties()Returns all the public properties for the Type.
GetProperties(BindingFlags)Returns all the properties for the Type with specified BindingFlags.
GetType()Gets the current Type.
GetType(String)Gets the Type for the given name.

C# Reflection Example: Get Type

snippet
using System;
public class ReflectionExample
{
   public static void Main()
    {
        int a = 10;
        Type type = a.GetType();
        Console.WriteLine(type);
    }
}

Output:

Output
System.Int32

C# Reflection Example: Get Assembly

snippet
using System;
using System.Reflection;
public class ReflectionExample
{
   public static void Main()
    {
        Type t = typeof(System.String);
        Console.WriteLine(t.Assembly); 
   }
}

Output:

Output
mscorlib, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089

C# Reflection Example: Print Type Information

snippet
using System;
using System.Reflection;
public class ReflectionExample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        Type t = typeof(System.String);
        Console.WriteLine(t.FullName);
        Console.WriteLine(t.BaseType);
        Console.WriteLine(t.IsClass);
        Console.WriteLine(t.IsEnum);
        Console.WriteLine(t.IsInterface);
    }
}

Output:

Output
System.String System.Object true false false

C# Reflection Example: Print Constructors

snippet
using System;
using System.Reflection;
public class ReflectionExample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        Type t = typeof(System.String);
        
        Console.WriteLine("Constructors of {0} type...", t);
        ConstructorInfo[] ci = t.GetConstructors(BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance);
        foreach (ConstructorInfo c in ci)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(c);
        }
    }
}

Output:

Output
Constructors of System.String type... Void .ctor(Char*) Void .ctor(Char*, Int32, Int32) Void .ctor(SByte*) Void .ctor(SByte*, Int32, Int32) Void .ctor(SByte*, Int32, Int32, System.Text.Encoding) Void .ctor(Char[], Int32, Int32) Void .ctor(Char[]) Void .ctor(Char, Int32)

C# Reflection Example: Print Methods

snippet
using System;
using System.Reflection;
public class ReflectionExample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        Type t = typeof(System.String);
        
        Console.WriteLine("Methods of {0} type...", t);
        MethodInfo[] ci = t.GetMethods(BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance);
        foreach (MethodInfo m in ci)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(m);
        }
    }
}

Output:

Output
Methods of System.String type... Boolean Equals(System.Object) Boolean Equals(System.String) Boolean Equals(System.String, System.StringComparison) Char get_Chars(Int32) Void copyTo(Int32, char[], Int32, Int32) Char[] ToCharArray() ....

C# Reflection Example: Print Fields

snippet
using System;
using System.Reflection;
public class ReflectionExample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        Type t = typeof(System.String);
        
        Console.WriteLine("Fields of {0} type...", t);
        FieldInfo[] ci = t.GetFields(BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Static | BindingFlags.NonPublic);
        foreach (FieldInfo f in ci)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(f);
        }
    }
}

Output:

Output
Fields of System.String type... System.String Empty Int32 TrimHead Int32 TrimTail Int32 TrimBoth Int32 charPtrAlignConst Int32 alignConst
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